Thomas Gangale holds a Bachelor of Science degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Southern California, and a Master of Arts degree in international relations from San Francisco State University. He was both an airman and an officer in the USAF, serving as an air traffic controller, an F-4 weapon systems officer, and an historian. Also while on active duty, he served on the technical management teams of several satellite projects of the highest national priority involving national technical means of verification of strategic arms control agreements, as well as a Strategic Defense Initiative satellite program and two Space Shuttle payloads (STS-4 and STS-39). Gangale has published numerous articles in aerospace and social science journals, has presented papers at several aerospace symposia, has written opinion editorials in major metropolitan newspapers, and has appeared as a guest on international radio and television programs. He is the inventor of a class of orbits that will be essential to communication between Earth and crews in the vicinity of Mars. He was an original member of the Design and Project Management Team for the Mars Arctic Research Station, a NASA-related Mars analog research facility located near the Haughton Meteor Crater on Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic. His work on property rights and the international law of outer space has been briefed to senior NASA leaders. He is currently working on a comprehensive history of the scheduling of human spaceflight in two dimensions of time. Thomas Gangale is the author of two books: "From the Primaries to the Polls: How to Repair America's Broken Presidential Nomination Process," and "The Development of Outer Space: Sovereignty and Property Rights in International Space Law," both published by Praeger. He will begin his doctoral studies in international relations at Atenisi University in February 2010.