Martin Schwab received his Ph.D. in political science, specializing in international relations from the University of Hawaii at Manoa in May 2012. As part of his dissertation, "Prospects for Collaborative Power in a Brutal Universe," he designed a seminar format to aid U.S. and global leaders to better implement multinational space exploration, space-based solar power and planetary defense. See 3x3globaldrills.com. He received his M.P.I.A. in international security studies from the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Pittsburgh in 2002 and his B.A. in history from the University of Dayton in 1995. He is author of Homeplanet Defense: Strategic Thought for a World in Crisis (Infinity Publishing, 2005). In recent weeks, Dr. Schwab has been building courses on Moodle for Kepler Space Institute Online/Kepler Space University as an independent contractor.