Dr. Jeff Bell has his B.S. (Physics + Astronomy) Univ. of Michigan 1977 M.S. (Astronomy) Univ. of Hawaii 1979 Ph.D. (Astronomy) Univ. of Hawaii 1984. From 1984-2000 he was Professor of Planetary Science, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics, Univ. of Hawaii, he conducted research on mineralogical composition of asteroids from visible and IR reflection spectroscopy, he was a Science Team Member, Comet Rendezvous / Asteroid Flyby spacecraft (1984-88), and the Principal Investigator on several space mission proposals. Since 2003 Dr. Bell has written a semi-regular opinion column on space policy and technology for web site SpaceDaily.com, attempting to bring a more skeptical and realistic perspective to the pro-space community.