1611 (Special Edition)||Listen to the show!|
|Aired on August 26th, 2011|
|Guest: Dr. Leroy Chiao|
|Guest: Dr. Leroy Chiao. Topics: National Space Biomedical Research Institute, long duration human spaceflight issues, space policy. You are invited to comment, ask questions, and discuss the Space Show program/guest(s) on the Space Show blog, http://thespaceshow.wordpress.com. Comments, questions, and any discussion must be relevant and applicable to Space Show programming. Transcripts of Space Show programs are not permitted without prior written consent from The Space Show (even if for personal use) & are a violation of the Space Show copyright. We warmly welcomed Dr. Leroy Chiao, former NASA Astronaut, member of the Augustine Commission, and researcher and Chair of the User Panel with the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) on the Rice University Campus in Houston. Visit the NSBRI website for more information on their programs, research, participants, and goals: www.nsbri.org. Dr. Chiao began our discussion with an overview of the NSBRI User Panel which helps NSBRI focus on high-yield research areas leading to effective strategies to enhance mission success & improve crew health. Dr. Chiao identified User Panel members and the seven NSBRI research areas. We talked about NASA funding, U.S. universities & research institutions, and international cooperation. Dr. Chiao was asked about microgravity issues & progress in the field in the absence of a variable gravity research station on orbit. Our guest had some interesting research & facts on this issue to share with us so don't miss them. He was asked by another listener about medical researchers and research just for the sake of research instead of being geared to flying missions. We talked about distributive research, the Russians on the ISS, the Mars 500 Study, & his visit to the Chinese space center. A listener brought up one way missions to Mars & our guest had much to say on this topic. This is an important & comprehensive discussion so again, don't miss it. Also in this first segment, Dr. Chiao told us about his ISS mission and food rationing, plus we talked extensively about space radiation, followed by exercise programs with the Russians & the U.S. astronauts and how they differed from each other. Space tourism came up as did spaceflight participants. The first topic in our second segment included a question from Clark in Sand Diego regarding astronauts as radiation workers. We talked about lifetime radiation levels at length, Mars and lunar missions & ISS long duration missions, all in the context of radiation which Dr. Chiao listed as the top challenge/priority for long duration human spaceflight. The idea of using older people for manned deep space missions was presented as a way to mitigate radiation issues. We then talked about the issue of using older people & what that really meant. This discussion opened the way for our discussion of an ISS medical event & the treatment for such an event, including space surgery which is non-existent at this time, & a fast emergency return to Earth. The issue of comparing long term human spaceflight to early American and European explorations like Lewis and Clark and the Shackleton Expedition. Dr. Chiao clearly stated why human spaceflight cannot be easily compared to these early explorations. Listen & see what you think. I agree with Dr. Chiao & have said so on air many times. Dr. Chiao told us about the new NSBRI facilities at Rice, then we talked about using SRBs for human spaceflight. Leroy had much to say about SRBs and liquids. Don't miss this important discussion, it may surprise you. Space suits were also discussed & at the end of the program, we talked about the shuttle retirement, U.S. space leadership, & space policy. Leroy was also a strong advocate for China becoming an ISS partner. If you have comments or questions for Dr. Leroy Chiao, post them on the blog. If you want do email him, do so through me.|
|About our guest...|
Dr. Leroy Chiao
Dr. Leroy Chiao, a veteran of four space flights including service as the commander and NASA science officer of Expedition 10 aboard the International Space Station (ISS), has been named chair of the User Panel for the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI). The NSBRI, funded by NASA, is a consortium of institutions studying the health risks related to long-duration space flight. The Institute's User Panel is an advisory board comprised of former and current astronauts and flight surgeons that ensures NSBRI's research program is focused on astronaut health and safety. "As an experienced astronaut of three shuttle flights and one long-duration ISS mission, Dr. Chiao understands the opportunities for NSBRI science and technology to meet the needs of astronauts and flight surgeons," said Dr. Jeffrey P. Sutton, NSBRI director. "We welcome him as chair of the User Panel." In preparation for lunar and Mars exploration, Chiao and the User Panel will help align NSBRI's science and technology projects with the needs of astronauts on long missions. Chiao recently left NASA following a 15-year career with the agency. In August, he will begin an appointment as the first Raborn Distinguished Chair Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Louisiana State University. Selected by NASA in 1990, Chiao flew as a mission specialist on three space shuttle flights - STS-65 (1994), STS-72 (1996) and STS-92 (2000). In 2005, he was the commander and NASA science officer on International Space Station Expedition 10. He also served as chief of the Astronaut Office Extra-Vehicular Activity Branch. Prior to joining NASA, he worked as a research engineer at Hexcel Corporation and at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Chiao graduated with a degree in chemical engineering from the University of California (UC), Berkeley. He received his master's and doctorate degrees from UC, Santa Barbara, and completed postdoctoral research in the Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering. He has published 17 papers and articles in scientific journals; his most recent was submitted from space. The article, "Ocular Examination for Trauma: Clinical Ultrasound Aboard the International Space Station," was published in the journal Trauma in 2005. Chiao is a Fellow of the Explorers Club and an active member of the Association of Space Explorers. He was the recipient of the Asian Chamber of Commerce Public Service Award in 2006, and the Asian Pacific American Heritage Association Public Service in Science and Technology award in 2005. He earned the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, four NASA Space Flight Medals, two Exceptional Service Awards, four NASA Individual Achievement Awards, two NASA Group Achievement awards and the NASA Going the Extra Mile award, among others during his tenure with the agency.NSBRI's research program involves investigators at more than 70 institutions and government laboratories across the United States. Projects address space health concerns such as bone and muscle loss, cardiovascular changes, immunology, infection, balance problems, sleep disturbances, radiation exposure, nutrition, fitness, rehabilitation, remote-treatment medical technologies, and neurobehavioral and psychosocial factors.
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